The deepest spots in Earth’s oceans are:
Located in the western Pacific Ocean, the Mariana Trench is the deepest point on Earth, reaching a depth of 36,070 feet (10,994 meters).
The Tonga Trench is the second deepest point in the world, located in the South Pacific Ocean. It has a maximum depth of 35,702 feet (10,882 meters).
The Kuril-Kamchatka Trench is the third deepest point in the world, located in the northwest Pacific Ocean. It has a maximum depth of 34,587 feet (10,542 meters).
The Philippine Trench is located in the western Pacific Ocean and has a maximum depth of 34,578 feet (10,540 meters).
The Kermadec Trench is located in the South Pacific Ocean and has a maximum depth of 32,963 feet (10,047 meters).
These oceanic trenches are formed at the boundaries between tectonic plates, where one plate is forced beneath another in a process called subduction. The extreme pressures and temperatures found at these depths make them some of the most extreme environments on Earth, and they are home to a wide variety of unique and fascinating deep-sea creatures.